|Water Transport Method|
|Hydrology Concept||Water District Managers recognize mountain snowpack as the premium water storage source. It is a high quality water especially important for California farmers and Northwest fisheries. The ski industry and municipal water systems also benefit. By denying heavier rainfall amounts from developing storm cells at the lower altitudes, the AquariusRadar allows the addtional moisture to climb the Sierran, Klamath, and Cascade mountain slope until stopping it's operations on cells as they approach the snowline. Hence, storm cells that may have produced high water in lowland streams now have more moisture available to precipitate as snow as the cell passes the snowline altitude on thier way to the mountain chain crest. It's important that the natural vertical developement of storm cells is allowed to continue until just prior to rain beginning to fall. The AquariusRadar microwave heating action slows the last stages of development of the target cell in the flood watershed, allowing nearby competing cells at higher elevation to take up the excess moisture. The transit period is long enough to allow the competing rain cell (snow squall) to the snow line with added moisture provided by the inhibited rain cell. Note that a flood condition is required in the lowland streams. Coastal flood conditions of the West Coast is often associated with atmospheric rivers. Cloud seeding, with the aid of AquariusRadar, can now show full potenial for increasing snowpack in selected areas of the Sierra Nevada, Klamath, Northwest Cascades, Snake River basin, Colorado Plateau, and other regions of the Intermountain West.||Photo courtesy 1268, NOAA Corps Collection, Coast and Geodetic. Photo Date: July, 1953. Photographer: Rear Admiral Harley D. Nygren, NOAA Corps (ret.)|
|Stormwater Abatement||AquariusRadar can not make it rain more, but it can transport rainfall from a wasteful flood or storm water condition to a snowpack, lake, or aquifer clean storage condition. Aquariusradar (microwave heating of the cloud base) is the opposite of cloud seeding and can slow and allow the transport of rainfall.||Update Sept. 2015- NASA has proof positive that there is liquid water on Mars! Our plea to NASA- please come down to earth and spend some of that Government funding on water resource(s) management including weather moderation research for the drought plagued US Western states.|
|Cloud Seeding Augmentation||In drought, the power of microwave heating is put to use to create a new source of rainfall; i.e., cumulus clouds that contain moisture but typically won't fall as rain. These cumulus clouds don't reach the heights necessary to create rain because of some limitation in the environment. Most frequently the air is too stable or starved for water vapor. Often a compromise of conditions result in cloudy cumulus skies without rain. A good example is the western flanks of the Sierras in California. The uniform slope and rise results in cumulus clouds everywhere along the mountain chain flank; no single cumulus cell can dominate, rise to great height, and rain/snow. When Aquariusradar is employed, a larger cell is identified and all surrounding cells are inhibited by the heating action of the microwave energy focused upon the smaller cells. The moisture made available by the retarded growth of smaller cells is now concentrated around and taken up by the dominate cell which can now grow to cumulonimbus proportions. Care is taken to ensure no microwave energy strikes the dominate cell. This is especially effective when the rain cell path is over a high mountain peak.|
|Ideal Candidate Radars||The Pacific Northwest offers the best opportunity for the application of AquariusRadar for snow pack enhancement. Washington and other states of the region have good systems of snowpack monitors and, because of the forestry and fishing industries of the area, the best stream gauging system in the country. These will be required to supplement the NexRad data to measure and record the effectivness of AquariusRadar. It is impossible to predict how much moisture a given weather system will produce so that a single weather system or even a single season of storms will not verify any additional snowpack created by the operation of AquariusRadar. Only a continuous series of seasons that tally additional snowpack in the area of operations accompanied by reduced flood stream gauge levels would be able to provide evidence of AquariusRadar capability. There is long term evidence that microwave energy can be employed to transport rainfall here. Obviously, some years will be much better than others as some years will be below average precipitation without any near flood time periods in which the AquariusRadar can operate. The proof will be that where AquariusRadar operates, water managers see more snowpack and reduced stream flood compared to nearby areas. During extreme wet years with a snowpack building towards avalanche, the ultimate utilization of the AquariusRadar can be tested; lofting moisture over the Olympic Pennisula and Cascades to provide moisture for later capture in the Intermountain West.||Courtesy NOAA: USF&W|
|Hail Suppression||Transforming and transporting cloud moisture from a lowland rainshower to a highland snow squall is a principal capability for the AquariusRadar.||Click here for How It Works|
|Southern California Operations||Increasing the Sierra Nevada snowpack is California's only realistic solution to long term water shortages. Atmospheric Rivers (AR) will be under study by CALWATER2-2015. Scientists could learn how microwave heating (aquariusradar) can help with flooding created by ARs. Update Mar 2013, 2014, 2015: the Sierra Nevada snowpack is in serious trouble; very thin and no time to recover before summer's peak demand. Bang! Update Feb 2017- a very wet winter underway in Northern California. Drought broken and the lakes are full.||Southern California suffers mudslides during El Nino winters and valuable water resources are wasted as well as damaging homes and property. The powerful DoD radars stationed on San Nicholas Island, when operated as AquariusRadars, could alleviated the flooding mudslides and saved the moisture as snowpack on the higher peaks above the Los Angeles basin.|
|Amelia Earhart Mystery|
|Frequent Questions||Update Dec 9, 2010-Flooding in the Portland and Eugene Oregon area could have been averted and the excessive moisture saved as snowpack in the Cascade mountain chain. Update Oct 31, 2012. Looks like a really wet year for Washington's Olympic Peninsula. Update Nov 26, 2012- A huge storm approaches the Northern California/ Pacific NW. Coastal flooding and road damage predicted. Update Dec. 2012-Could AquariusRadar have prevented Superstorm Sandy? No! AquariusRadar is local in scope and cannot have significant impact on Hurricanes. Most of the damage comes from storm surge, not precipitation, when these storms come ashore. Update Mar 2013: the SeaTac area inundated by excessive rainfall; portions of Whitby Island slide to sea.
2013, 2014, 2015? is the driest year(s) for California. No Snowpack in the Sierra Nevada. View water transport in action by a powerful radar in NW Florida. Strongest El Nino in decades predicted for winter 2016. Save excess water to snowpack with AquariusRadar.
|No charge presentations of this concept are available for water management meetings and seminars in California, Texas, and Georgia. Contact me: firstname.lastname@example.org|